(4-18-18) A lot of things have changed since James Naismith’s Original Rules for Basketball were posted and you have to wonder what he would think of the how game has changed over the years.
This year the NFHS Basketball Rules Committee has submitted 18 proposals (see below) to be voted on.
- NFHS ‘Will Approve A Shot Clock’ According To IHSA Official
- What Coaches And School Officials Are Saying About the 35 Second Shot Clock
One change that was thought to have been on the agenda was the shot clock, the issue went viral after Illinois High School Association’s Kurt Gibson said that it would be, only to find out that it was not.
Despite the shot clock not being a part of the possible changes in the future, there are 18 changes that will be of interest to high school basketball fans.
Some that stand out include a restricted area under the basketball, dunks being allowed during the pre-game, stopping the clock after a made basket in the last minute of the game.
Other items include basket interference, goal tending, combination and numerous proper uniforms.
Below are the rationales on why each rule change is needed.
- Allowing for a combination colored ball, provides options for ball choices while maintaining the color scheme.
- Jersey manufacturing has changed with the times and officials can clearly distinguish between a light and dark color. The light gray color for example, has become extremely popular for teams and it is not permitted as a home jersey. As long as there is a contrast in team colors, it should be permissible.
- In many cases, teams are traveling for multiple day events, and have concerns about laundry while traveling, etc. In addition, this would allow the home team to wear a dark jersey to commemorate a former team uniform or another special occasion. As long as one team wears white, the ability to easily officiate and distinguish between the teams is not impacted.
- Sleeves/tights, compression shorts, Headbands and wristbands clarifications. It makes the rule easier to understand by officials, coaches & players. We are spending more time discussing what is legal & illegal with uniforms & apparel than we are spending with hand checking, post-play, etc. It will also put more responsibility on coaches to make sure their players are dressed legally.
- Basket interference should be expanded to include the unintentional slapping or striking of the backboard causing the ring to vibrate. Currently a slap of the backboard has no penalty other than the assessment of a technical foul when the act is deemed intentional. Quite often the slapping of the backboard occurs unintentionally in legitimate attempts to block a shot, which then causes the basket ring to vibrate or move in a way that may cause the ball “fall” off the ring. Having this addition to the basket interference rule would afford officials an alternative to the determination of an intentional act (resulting in a technical foul) or unintentional (resulting in an awarded basket) in situations when the backboard is slapped.
- This rule change proposal is designed to allow for a better flow of the game, and spend less time at the free throw line. During free throw administration the potential for numerous negative acts to occur, with up to seven players is a confined area. This proposal also provides for only one number of free throws awarded regardless if the foul was committed during a try or after reaching the bonus foul count (two free throws for all). This change has been implemented in the NCAA women’s game for the past two years, and even with their bonus going into effect on the 5th foul, only 22% of the time do teams reach the bonus. This will reduce the amount of time it takes to complete a game, especially critical on a school night that proceeds a school day.
- Realistically why would an offensive player goaltend a try at his/her basket? By making this a defensive violation only, the rule is clearer and makes enforcement easier for officials. If the shooting team cannot commit this violation, the officials do not have to determine whether a ball thrown toward the basket and meets the requirements for a goaltending violation is a try or a pass. By removing the offensive team from this violation, players too do not have to try to determine whether a ball in flight is a try or a pass and teams can have more potential for scoring plays at the basket.
- We are proposing a restricted-area arc for player safety reasons. Players who attempt to draw player control/charging fouls under the basket constitutes a significant safety issue that can be avoided by not allowing secondary defenders to set up defensively in the restricted area. This rule will only come into play with a grounded secondary defender. All other plays are covered by other rules (verticality, guarding, contact, etc.).
- Allowing the head coach to request a time-out during a live ball creates problems for officials, especially in a two-person crew, as they frequently have to divert their attention and eyes from the play to the bench area to determine who is requesting the time-out which may result in missing critical action on the court. By allowing the head coach to request a time-out only when the ball is dead or during a throw-in still permits him/her to directly request a time-out in those limited situations where officials can be more aware of the potential for a time-out request coming from the bench and not have to divert their attention from play on the floor.
- The proposed rule change would allow for the clock to stop in the final minute of a contest after any made basket, matching what other levels of play follow domestically. We feel this change would be beneficial to the high school game for a handful of reasons, including:
* Removing situations of deliberate Delay-of-Game offenses by either team (7-5-1/10-2-1b) in an effort to conserve/consume time in end-of-game situations
* Removes the somewhat ambiguous issue of what an appropriate amount of time is to “gather” and resume play by a team in the lead in the final minute
* Removes the situation wherein coaches encourage Delay-of-Game offenses by athletes to conserve/consume time
* Removes the situation where coaches are calling a “sixth” timeout to take a technical in an attempt to extend the game
* Coaches are more able to utilize their timeouts throughout the contest versus feeling compelled to conserve them for end-of-game stoppages of the clock
Ultimately, we feel that this rule improves our end-of-game situations for officials, coaches and fans alike; is able to be officiated/enforced by high school officials; is easily understandable for scorers and timers; and creates a more balanced situation between offensive and defensive squads, regardless of score.
- By limiting the loss of the possession arrow to a throw-in violation committed by the throw-in team, there is consistency of penalty and ensuring the loss of the arrow is associated with the violation of a throw-in provision not another non-related violation. The loss of the arrow associated with a violation should be limited to those violations in rule 9-2-1 thru 9.
- The exemption to this rule would alleviate the official’s duty to determine if a ball was simultaneously touched, by the defense and then offense (in a backcourt violation situation), and helps them to continue to officiate the defense. The definition added would clear up confusion as to what a “loose ball” is and what it is not.
- Other Rules Affected:
Loose ball: When a player is holding, dribbling, or passing a ball, a loose ball occurs if the player a) fumbles the ball, b) has an interrupted dribble, c) loses player control when a defender bats or deflects the ball from their possession, d) has a pass deflected, or e) releases the ball during a try.
- Allow dunking during the pre-game warmup period.
Rationale: Is pre-game considered a “dead ball” period? My rationale addresses a few areas.
- An attempt to get more people attending high school basketball. Attendance is down across the country and this rule change may get more people interested in attending a game, if for no other reason than to watch the kids attempt to dunk in pre-game.
- It may be the only athletic act that is allowed during a game, but during pre-game warmups.
- There could be, and I emphasize could be, a potential liability suit if a player is injured while attempting a dunk during a game, yet was not allowed to practice/warmup the act of dunking during warmups.
- There is less risk of injury dunking in warmups, then during a game while being contended by an opponent.
The next step is up to the state associations when they vote.
Below is the complete NFHS release-
|Basketball Rules Committee Meeting Proposed Rules Changes|